Magento Multistore setup via Apache conf
I commonly see developers on multistore Magento sites editing the root index.php for little or no reason. Here’s why.
One thing I commonly see when I go on client-site is that developers have altered the root index.php file to instruct Magento to load different stores based on the domain a customer arrives on. This is totally unnecessary and absolutely in the dev-operations domain.
One client had over 50 IF statements and would add more almost on a weekly basis as new store views came online!
Inside index.php there are 2 lines we need to pay attention too.
/* Store or website code */
$mageRunCode = isset($_SERVER['MAGE_RUN_CODE']) ? $_SERVER['MAGE_RUN_CODE'] : '';
/* Run store or run website */
$mageRunType = isset($_SERVER['MAGE_RUN_TYPE']) ? $_SERVER['MAGE_RUN_TYPE'] : 'store';
Both the following variables can neatly be set within your webserver config,
Here is an example of an Apache configuration. As you can see the MAGE_RUN_CODE and MAGE_RUN_TYPE get set when the correct VirtualHost matches in Magento.
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName www.example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/vhosts/magento/htdocs SetEnv MAGE_RUN_CODE "base" SetEnv MAGE_RUN_TYPE "website" </VirtualHost> <VirtualHost *:80> DocumentRoot /var/www/vhosts/magento/htdocs ServerName www.example2.com SetEnv MAGE_RUN_CODE "store2" SetEnv MAGE_RUN_TYPE "website" </VirtualHost>
Why is this a better way?
Should your development team be making code changes just because you have a new domain name? Why is such a fundamental file being edited needlessly when this should all be managed by your dev-ops team. (who by the way are also managing the new domains).
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